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Eighty-four per cent of digital content consumed in Spain is illegal, according to a study published by industry lobby group La Coalición (The Coalition of Creators and Content Industries).
Results of the most recent Piracy Observatory and Digital Contents Consumption Habits show that illegal downloads continued to grow in Spain during 2013. The survey carried out by independent consulting company Gfk and commissioned by La Coalición, confirms the severity of the situation, presenting a “devastating” scenario in which 84 per cent of all content consumed in Spain is pirated.
According to La Coalición, Internet users see clearly which are the most effective measures against piracy. As a new development, this year’s survey has complemented the system of interviews with a series of questions aimed at determining the users’ knowledge of measures against digital piracy and their efficiency.
Internet users consider that two most efficient measures would be blocking access to websites offering content (68.2 per cent) and punishing operators and ISPs (60.2 per cent); following are social awareness campaigns (53.2 per cent), punishing users with fines (52.5 per cent) and restricting the use of Internet (48 per cent).
Globally, more than half of Internet users’ population (51 per cent) illegally download content protected by intellectual property rights, reaching almost 3.2 billion illegal downloads in 2013 (a rise of 4.6 per cent regarding 2012); by type of content, people download music (27 per cent, almost 2 billion illegal downloads), films (43 per cent, 720 million), books (21 per cent, 302 million) and video games (9 per cent, 196 million).
Total value of online pirate content exceeds €16.1 billion, a 6.5 per cent increase compared to 2012: music content amounts to €6.06 billion, films €3.8 billion; video games are valued €4.4 billion and €1.8 billion for books.
All types of content saw higher piracy compared to 2012, with the exception of music, which shows a slight decrease. On the contrary, books suffer the sharpest rise, being the value of piracy three times higher than the year before.
Over 46 per cent of Internet users who access illegal content look for it on search engines and link to the resulting websites where they download, read, watch or listen to content; Google is the most used search engine, accounting for 97.5 per cent of use.
According to La Coalición, there is a very pernicious effect over the productive economy, suggesting that the conclusions of the survey are compelling. The main reasons given by Internet users for accessing contents illegally highlight that public authorities are not getting a clear message across to citizens, as well as a higher and higher need of educational programmes.
In this respect, 70 per cent (seven in 10) of Internet users consider it perfectly fine not paying for something that can be obtained for free.
Regarding ‘practical reasons’, 59 per cent access pirate content because it is quick and easy, and what is especially striking, according to La Coalición, more than 20 per cent of Internet users believe that accessing pirate content does not cause damage to any industry. Moreover, it becomes clear that more than 77 per cent admit to knowing that there could be legal consequences for those who pirate (although in reality. “nothing happens”).
On the other hand, La Coalición says it is equally remarkable that 60 per cent of Internet users declare that they would accept content, including advertising, if that way they could access it at zero cost. Where the content could not be accessed for free, two in 10 would pay
Piracy in Spain causes tremendous economic losses to the content industries, reduces the public purse revenues and destroys jobs in production and distribution of music, books, films and video games. During 2013, 25,720 jobs were not created and the public purse did not recoup €526.2 million, 6.4 per cent more than in 2012, as illegal economic activity does not pay any taxes such as personal income tax (Spanish IRPF), VAT or Social Security contributions.
La Coalición says it is obvious that Section Two of Intellectual Property Commission (IPC) has failed to comply with the purpose for which it was created, and that far from settling the problems that rose during its first year of life, its operation proves to be insufficient in 2013. Carlota Navarrete, managing director of La Coalición, “regrets that the results obtained up to date in the fight against piracy are so much terribly poor”.
Since its implementation on March 1 2012, the industries represented by La Coalición have submitted 145 files seeking action against websites or services that illicitly and massively provide protected content. Section Two of IPC still has 64 of those files pending start of proceeding. From the remaining 55 per cent, much content has been removed voluntarily upon receipt of notification from the Commission, and only in a few cases a formal resolution to take down content has been delivered.
These actions have represented for the content industries the withdrawal of 50 albums, 67 films, 14 books, 21 video games and four episodes of TV series within a universe of almost 3.2 billion illegal downloads. The average time to initiate a file proceeding is 400 days, in an environment such as Internet characterised by immediacy and in which interest in content is extremely ephemeral, La Coalición bemoans.
Although the creation of a specific administrative procedure to protect intellectual property showed the country’s political class the importance of IP, today, in view of the obvious entrenchment of an issue of such dimensions and scale, La Coalición wants to make an urgent call to the Government and all political forces so that the parliamentary process of the draft bill in the Congress and the Senate to amend the Intellectual Property Law can offer really effective measures to restrain illegal downloads.
Navarrete notes that the opportunity to improve the Law still exists and is confident that necessary changes can be implemented. “The Government and the Parliament must accept their responsibility and political commitment, passing a law that introduces all necessary improvements to achieve optimal effectiveness in the prosecution of Internet piracy,” she says. “From La Coalición, as representatives of much of the culture and entertainment industry in Spain, we champion these improvements are imperative. The rulings of the Supreme Court have been resounding in respect of the appropriateness of the procedure, the Council of State has been incisive in its opinion on the amendment, the last decisions of the European Union Court of Justice, unambiguous, and the knowledge we already have of the regulations that are being implemented by our neighbouring countries don’t leave any room for doubts: a decided commitment must be made to protect the content industry online, and resources and effective tools must be provided to fight piracy,” she declared.
“It is a great challenge for which we, the Content Industries, request from all political parties responsibility, consistency and unity to defend an industry and its creators, that for ages have been suffering a sense of powerlessness in the face of the massive and unpunished violation of their legitimate rights; for them, for the direct impact on the economy, for the employment and the public purse, for Culture as a key sector and backbone of the society, the draft of the bill is a unique opportunity that cannot, must not, be missed. We need that, as it happens in other countries in our vicinity, proposals that guarantee the efficiency in the fight against piracy are consolidated and provide a real legal certainty to cultural industries,” she says.
“Further, we want to call on the responsibility of all the companies involved in this market, including the advertising industry, payment providers and also intermediaries such as hosting or Internet access providers, to make self-regulation commitments, similarly to those being adopted by all actors of the sector in other countries, to protect online intellectual property and contribute actively to develop an industry that is key for the Spanish economy.”
La Coalición says in view of the details provided by the Observatory and the severity of the situation it portrays, it should be emphasised that social awareness on the problem and its consequences is greater all the time. “Rejection of these practices by society starts requesting that, simultaneously to the continuous improvement of pedagogy, adequate measures to fight them are promoted and encouraged. We, all parties, must play a constructive role and there is no better time to reinforce a change of behaviours that will necessarily result in a safer Internet to facilitate communication, cultural diversity and access to information, as well as knowledge and culture; an Internet in which a responsible, respectful and ethical use of technologies is made,” it concludes.