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According to a forecast by the independent telecoms analyst firm Ovum, total handset sales are expected to grow from 1.88 billion to 2.16 billion units between 2014 and 2020, at a compound annual growth (CAGR) rate of 2.4 per cent.
Smartphones will comprise 95 per cent of global handset sales by 2020, up from 65 per cent in 2014, and will first exceed 2 billion unit sales in 2020. Android and iOS devices will continue to lead the market with 80 per cent and 14 per cent smartphone volume market share respectively in 2020, almost identical to 2014. Handsets based on Microsoft’s Windows Phone OS will capture most of the remaining market with a 4.2 per cent market share in 2020, equivalent to 86 million unit sales.
Africa and the Middle East and Latin America will lead the smartphone market in terms of growth over the next six years with a CAGR of 17 per cent and 11 per cent respectively, reaching a combined 576 million units sales by 2020, up from 254 million in 2014. In Asia Pacific, the Chinese market is reaching saturation with an expected CAGR of only 4.1 per cent in the next six years, versus 19.7 per cent for India and 16.3 per cent for Indonesia. North America and Western Europe will be trailing behind with a CAGR of only 2 per cent in the next six years.
Ronan de Renesse, lead analyst in Ovum’s Consumer Technology practice, commented: “Smartphones are leading the path to digital transformation and therefore have yet to unlock massive opportunities in many markets. The fact that almost all handsets to be sold in 2020 will be smartphones will lead to great socioeconomic achievements across the world in the next five years.”
Most of the growth in the smartphone market will come from the sale of sub-$100 devices in developing as well as developed countries. This price tier will represent more than 40 per cent of global smartphone sales by 2020, up from 13 per cent in 2014. Ovum’s global study of handset prices revealed a steep decline in smartphone prices: between Q4 2013 and Q4 2014, the median price of prepaid and SIM-free smartphones (representing 56 per cent of all operator offers worldwide) decreased 28 per cent, from $360 to $258. This decline is largely attributed to a structural shift toward lower-end smartphone models rather than price decreases in particular segments. With 40+ manufacturers recorded via this study, the low-end smartphone segment is also the most diverse and competitive.
“The entire device value chain is bending backwards to manufacture and distribute cheap smartphones at an acceptable level of quality. The benefits of transitioning a feature phone user to a smartphone are significant for operators and for digital service providers like Facebook and Google, to the point of becoming a strategic imperative,” concludes de Renesse.