US, Russia agree anti-piracy pact
December 23, 2012
The United States and the Russian Federation (Russia) have agreed an Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Action Plan to improve IPR protection and enforcement. The IPR Action Plan addresses priority areas including combating IPR infringement over the Internet and strengthening IPR enforcement.
“Agreement on the IPR Action Plan represents a significant step at a historic time in our bilateral economic relationship. With this step, Russia and the United States have demonstrated a serious commitment to continued engagement on strengthening IPR protection and enforcement,” said United States Trade Representative Ambassador Ron Kirk. “This step is particularly important in light of Russia’s recent membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the application of the WTO Agreement between us. Russia has made commendable progress in improving its IPR regime, and the Action Plan signals a commitment to maintain that momentum to address IPR priorities.”
“The IPR Action Plan delivers on shared US and Russian objectives, as reaffirmed by the recent G8 Ministerial Declaration, to promote strong IPR protection and enforcement to advance our innovative economies,” Ambassador Kirk continued. “IPR theft is among the chief threats to any innovative economy. Intellectual property rights not only protect our creators and innovators, but also promote foreign investment, economic development, and job creation. The IPR Action Plan affirms the importance both sides place on advancing IPR protection and enforcement.”
The IPR Action Plan endorses action on a broad range of IPR priorities, including:
- Combating Copyright Piracy over the Internet, including actions such as takedowns of infringing content, action against persons responsible for IPR crimes, coordination with rights holders, cooperation and information exchange between IPR enforcement officials, and devotion of resources and personnel to law enforcement agencies to combat piracy over the Internet.
- Enhancing IPR Enforcement, including actions against counterfeiting, piracy, and circumventing technological protection measures; imposing deterrent penalties and sentences; conducting raids; seizing and, where appropriate, destroying IPR infringing products and the equipment and materials used to produce such products; and promoting transparency and public awareness of IPR enforcement actions.
- Coordinating on Legislation and other Issues, including on Russia’s draft legislation on liability for Internet service providers to combat Internet piracy, consulting on implementation of Russia’s WTO pharmaceutical test data protection commitments, administrative penalties, and exchanging information on enforcement mechanisms and best practices for judges.
In 2013, the United States will work closely with Russia to enhance bilateral coordination with respect to IPR protection and enforcement, including through the United States of America-Russian Federation Intellectual Property Working Group. This work will focus systematically on Russia taking actions identified in the IPR Action Plan.
In the 2011 Special 301 Report, the United States encouraged Russia to work with the United States to set metrics, including through the establishment of an Action Plan, to address IPR priorities, including copyright piracy over the Internet and IPR enforcement generally.