The music industry is navigating a period of significant change. But while physical sales have been on the decline, advertising- and subscription-funded streaming have been a source of growth.
In a new paper published by YouTube, it says it paid out over $1 billion to the music industry from ad revenue alone in 2016; and that its Content ID allows the music industry to control their content on the platform, including the ability to make money from fan-uploaded music content.
Nonetheless, there is a lively debate about whether YouTube is good or bad for the music industry overall. To get to the bottom of this question, and to better understand the way the industry has changed in the digital age, YouTube commissioned a study from RBB Economics. The study, which looks at exclusive YouTube data and a survey of 6,000 users across Germany, France, Italy and the UK, examines several aspects of the transformed industry in a series of papers being published over the coming weeks. In the first paper, RBB looks at the question of cannibalisation: does the fact that people listen to music on YouTube mean that they don’t use other—sometimes more lucrative—sources of music?
The study finds that this is not the case. In fact, if YouTube didn’t exist, 85 per cent of time spent on YouTube would move to lower value channels, and would result in a significant increase in piracy. The researchers find that significant cannibalisation by YouTube of other legitimate music channels is unlikely, for a few reasons:
The cumulative effect of these findings is that YouTube has a market expansion effect, not a cannibalising one.
In coming weeks, RBB says it will release further papers on other aspects of the digital music world and YouTube’s role therein.