Study: Private sale most efficient for C-Band
September 13, 2019
By Colin Mann
Satisfying the rapid demand growth for additional commercial spectrum presents challenges the Federal Communications Commission, according to public policy issue think tank Phoenix Center.
While the Federal Communications Commission has conducted numerous spectrum auctions in recent years, it lacks a ready source for the much-needed spectrum in the low- and mid-bands. By far, the largest, most promising source of mid-band spectrum suitable for repurposing to mobile wireless use is the C-Band, a 500 MHz swathe of mid-band spectrum (3.7-4.2 GHz band) presently allocated for the provision of satellite communications.
The C-Band Alliance (CBA) consortium, comprising major satellite operators, has indicated that a large portion of this band could be quickly repurposed through a private sale. As is common, the plan faces some resistance, with much of the opposition preferring a public auction rather than a private sale.
In a new analysis, Innovation In Spectrum Repurposing: The C-Band As A Principal-Agent Problem, the Phoenix Center’s economic staff evaluate the competing methods for repurposing the band by appealing to principal-agent theory where the government is the principal and the consortium of satellite incumbents is the agent. Their analysis demonstrates the following:
- First, given the private information available to the satellite industry, it makes sense for the government to allow the consortium to serve as an agent in conducting the sale, thereby ensuring the rapid and efficacious repurposing of the band.
- Second, compensation to the agent for its private information is efficient and not “unjust enrichment”.
- Third, considering the possibility that the principal may demand compensation from the agent, any such compensation (i.e., a regulatory payment) should take the form of a fixed payment rather than a share of auction proceeds.
- Fourth, while a public auction may be used to increase the government’s proceeds from repurposing the band, such enrichment is more than matched by a reduction in total economic welfare.
“Just as spectrum auctions were an important innovation in US spectrum policy, conducting auctions or other similar transactions through private agents may be a sensible next step in the efficient allocation and assignment of spectrum rights,” said study co-author and Phoenix Center Chief Economist Dr. George S. Ford.