Report: US digital divide narrowing
February 20, 2019
The digital divide between Americans with and without access to modern broadband networks has narrowed substantially, according to the draft 2019 Broadband Deployment Report, which has been circulated by FCC Chairman Ajit Pai to his fellow commissioners.
“For the past two years, closing the digital divide has been the FCC’s top priority,” Chairman Pai said. “We’ve been tackling this problem by removing barriers to infrastructure investment, promoting competition, and providing efficient, effective support for rural broadband expansion through our Connect America Fund.
“This report shows that our approach is working. But we won’t rest until all Americans can have access to broadband and the 21st century opportunities it provides to communities everywhere.”
The Chairman’s draft of the annual FCC report to Congress shows that since the 2018 report, the number of Americans lacking access to a fixed broadband connection meeting the FCC’s benchmark speed of 25 Mbps/3 Mbps has dropped by over 25 per cent, from 26.1 million Americans at the end of 2016 to 19.4 million at the end of 2017. Moreover, the majority of those gaining access to such high-speed connections, approximately 5.6 million, live in rural America, where broadband deployment has traditionally lagged.
The private sector has responded to FCC reforms by deploying fibre to 5.9 million new homes in 2018, the largest number ever recorded. And overall, capital expenditures by broadband providers increased in 2017, reversing declines that occurred in both 2015 and 2016.
Other key findings of the report include the following, based on data through the end of 2017:
- The number of Americans with access to 100 Mbps/10Mpbs fixed broadband increased by nearly 20 per cent, from 244.3 million to 290.9 million.
- The number of Americans with access to 250 Mbps/50 Mbps fixed broadband grew by over 45 per cent, to 205.2 million, and the number of rural Americans with access to such service more than doubled
Based on these and other data, the report concludes that advanced telecommunications services – broadband – is being deployed on a reasonable and timely basis. The Commission is expected to vote on the report in the coming weeks.