Global advertising expenditure will shrink 9.1 per cent in 2020, according to Zenith’s Advertising Expenditure Forecasts. To compare, adspend shrank by 9.5 per cent during the 2009 recession.
Advertisers pulled back spending sharply when the scale of the coronavirus crisis became clear. The steepest declines took place between March and May, with timing varying by country. These declines have now started to ease and are expected to gradually moderate over the rest of the year. Zenith forecasts a 5.8 per cent recovery in global adspend in 2021, boosted by the rescheduled Summer Olympics and UEFA Euro 2020 football championship.
The US has been relatively resilient, benefiting from record political spending in the run-up to the Presidential elections in November. US adspend is expected to decline by just 7 per cent this year. Asia Pacific is forecast to shrink by 8 per cent, thanks to the success of some markets in keeping the virus under control. Advertisers in Western Europe cut spend aggressively in Q2, and adspend is forecast to shrink by 15 per cent here. Zenith forecasts 8 per cent decline in Central and Eastern Europe, 13 per cent in Latin America and 20 per cent in MENA in 2020.
Ecommerce has become a lifeline for consumers, providing the goods they need while unable or unwilling to visit bricks-and-mortar stores. Many consumers have made permanent changes to their shopping habits. According to global research by Criteo, in recent months 53 per cent of consumers have discovered at least one form of online shopping that they plan to continue. Retail footfall will be subdued for months, if not years, to come. This has forced brands to accelerate digital transformation efforts and made it critical to have a robust commerce strategy in place, either D2C or through retail partners.
The crisis also raised the value of first-party data for brands. First-party data gives brands powerful insights into their customers’ behaviour and provides a real competitive edge. It will allow brands to navigate changes to consumers’ behaviours and attitudes as the crisis develops, and identify when it’s time to start investing for the upturn.
“Brands need to show consumers that they understand their rapidly evolving needs in this uncertain time,” advised Christian Lee, Managing Director, Zenith Worldwide. “So we are helping our clients integrate their data, digital communications and ecommerce approaches, and leverage them more deeply, to deliver personalised experiences throughout the fast-changing customer journey.”
Consumption of digital media, along with television, spiked in the early weeks of lockdown. Although both are now trending down again, they are not expected to retreat to pre-crisis levels any time soon. Together with the rise of ecommerce and data, this has driven a rapid shift in media budgets from traditional to digital media, accelerating the trend that was already taking place. Zenith now forecasts that digital advertising will account for 51.0 per cent of global adspend this year, up from the 49.5 per cent it forecast in December.
Digital ad budgets were cut quickly in the crisis’s first phase, given generally easier to cut without penalty. But as time progressed, brands allocated more budget into digital channels to take advantage of their flexibility and ability to optimise performance, particularly important qualities in an uncertain time. Digital adspend is forecast to shrink by just 2 per cent across 2020 as a whole. Zenith does not expect any of this share to return to traditional media as the crisis eases – digital advertising’s market share is forecast to reach 54.6 per cent in 2022.
Among traditional media, television and radio suffered the least, expected to end the year only slightly below the market, with 11 per cent and 12 per cent respective declines. The crisis exacerbated the long-term decline of print advertising as newspaper adspend is forecast to shrink by 21 per cent globally this year and magazine adspend drops 20 per cent. Note, newspaper and magazine advertising here includes only the publishers’ advertising revenues from printed publications; their revenues from digital publications are included in digital advertising.
Unsurprisingly, out-of-home and cinema have suffered the most from government restrictions on movement, and consumers’ avoidance of public places. Out-of-home advertising is forecast to shrink by 25 per cent in 2020 and cinema by 51 per cent.
No recovery is forecast for newspapers or magazines, with adspend in both continuing to decrease next year. Recovery for television and radio will be minimal, with 2 per cent and 1 per cent growth expected for 2021 respectively. Out-of-home and cinema growth will be stronger as they compensate for much greater declines this year: Zenith forecasts 16 per cent growth for out-of-home and 65 per cent growth for cinema, but neither will return to 2019 peaks by 2022.
“The coronavirus forced brands to embrace digital advertising even faster than expected and made digital transformation of businesses more urgent than ever,” noted Jonathan Barnard, Zenith’s Head of Forecasting. “This year will be the first in which digital advertising will attract more than half of total global adspend, a milestone we previously expected in 2021.”